Black pepper (Piper nigrum) has a pungent, crisp aroma that is comforting and energizing. It is supportive of the digestive system and is useful topically for soothing muscle discomfort following exercise. Black pepper may also be used to enhance the flavor of foods. Pepper has an approximate ORAC of 796,635 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.